When bacteria, plaque, and tartar build up on the teeth, it is not only the teeth we have to worry about. As the buildup touches and starts covering the gums, gum disease can start to occur. At the onset, it is referred to as gingivitis, which is gum disease in its early stages. At this point, gingivitis is reversible.
Placing a focus on proper oral health and incorporating a bacteria-killing mouthwash is often enough to combat gingivitis and get your oral health back in order. However, if left to continue, gum disease can set in. The gums will begin to separate from the teeth, which creates pockets for bacteria to fester and cause damage.
Gum disease treatment involved a procedure called root scaling and planing. The roots of the tooth are thoroughly cleaned in order to get rid of the pockets of bacteria that have formed. In addition, the roots are planed in order to remove the small bumps that can further trap bacteria. Depending on the severity of the gum disease, further root scaling and planing procedures may need to be performed.
If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to:
Pregnant women are also vulnerable to gum disease and are encouraged to make sure a visit to the dentist is part of their prenatal routine.